The process of training the bird, from its capture in the wild until it was used successfully in hunting, also gave rise to specific terminology that made it possible to specify what stage of the process the animal was at. Thus, the recently captured falcon was described as brau or salvatge. After that, work had to be done to make it lose its fear of people and get used to perching calmly on the hunter’s fist, the stage when the falcon (or other bird) was described as maner, dompde, asegurat or privat amb hom (tame). It was also necessary to get it used to wearing the hood – called the capell – and to the process of putting it on and taking it off. When the falcon had reached the stage when it accepted this instrument covering its head without trying to avoid it and without taking it off itself, it was called capeller.
After flying, falcons were retrieved by the hunter with an instrument – normally made of leather and feathers – that looked just like a bird and was called the lloure (lure). Thus, when the falcon had already learned to answer the call using this instrument and to perch on it, it was called llourer. The falcon – or goshawk or sparrowhawk – that had completed its training and had learned to hunt and capture quarry was called afaitat (entered), a term that could be completed with the specification of the quarry for which it had been trained: afaitat a perdiu, afaitat a agró, etc. When a falcon or other bird hunted particularly well or efficiently it was described as bo (good) or, even, maestre (master).
Before going out to hunt, the bird had to be well fed, to be able to fly strongly, but it had to be hungry enough to make it pursue its quarry decisively; to indicate that the falcon – or other bird of prey – was in that state, it was said that it was temprat, and achieving this required great skill on the part of the huntsman or falconer. All these terms that described the bird’s level of training and its readiness for hunting were habitually modulated for greater precision: ben temprat, benafaitat, mal llourer, etc.
Although not always, falcons were often trained to capture a specific quarry, which led the birds to be described by their specialization. Thus, in the sources we frequently find terms like agroner, gruer, picacer or ostarder, to refer to the falcons trained especially to capture herons (agrons), cranes (grues), magpies (picarasses) and great bustards (ostardes), respectively. Falcons specialized in capturing hares or partridges were often called bo de llebre and bo de perdiu.